2001 Volume 42 Issue 11 Pages 2345-2353
Pure magnesium and AZ31 magnesium alloy plates 4 mm in thickness were butt welded without addition of filler wire using a high voltage electron beam welding machine. Mechanical properties and microstructures of the welded joints were investigated. Regardless of the materials, the welded joints were almost free from welding defects and showed good bead appearance under appropriate welding conditions. The arcing phenomena tend to appear at low welding speed. Optimum beam current and welding speed were smaller than those for electron beam welded joints of aluminum alloys. Hardness in the fusion zone of the joints are nearly equal to those of the base metals. Microstructure on the fusion zone of pure magnesium joints was remarkably coarse, although the weld interface could not unambiguously detected. The fine crystal grains observed on the fusion zone of AZ31 alloy joints. Regardless of the welding conditions, both tensile strength and ductility of the joints show same value to those of the base metals, but the elongation of the joints are inferior to those of the base metals. From the tension test and impact test, pure magnesium joints fractured at the center of the fusion zone, but in case of AZ31 alloy joints, crack occurred at weld interface and it propagated through the fusion zone.