Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
ISSN-L : 1345-9678
Valence Electron Concentration and Phase Transformations of Shape Memory Alloys Ni-Mn-Ga-X
Kenichi YamaguchiShoji IshidaSetsuro Asano
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2003 Volume 44 Issue 1 Pages 204-210


In the Ni2MnGa based alloys with additions of transition element Ni–Mn–Ga–X, the martensitic transformation temperature TM was observed as a function of the valence electron concentration per atom ea. The TM(ea) strongly depends on ea and increases with increasing ea. In this paper, to examine the effect of X atom on the phase transformation in Ni–Mn–Ga–X alloys, the electronic structures for six systems were calculated for four phases, that is, the paramagnetic cubic, the paramagnetic monoclinic, the ferromagnetic cubic and the ferromagnetic monoclinic phases. Moreover, the total energy differences ΔE(ea) between two phases among four phases were calculated as a function of ea. The variations of TM(ea) were predicted by the difference ΔE(ea) between the cubic and monoclinic structures in a ferromagnetic state. It was found that their correspondence is good for some systems and that the features of TM(ea) reflect the changes of the density of states of X atoms.

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© 2003 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
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