2003 Volume 44 Issue 12 Pages 2594-2598
The effect of temperature is discussed on the magnetic-alignment process of micron-sized particles dispersed in a fluid medium, based on the experimental data compiled on various non-ferromagnetic materials having different concentrations of paramagnetic impurity ion. The field-intensity required to achieve alignment decreased with temperature following the relation calculated from the Langevin theory, when the diamagnetic particles were free of paramagnetic ions. The rotational Brownian motion was considered to randomize the direction of the micro-crystals in the theory. The above-mentioned temperature dependence was expected to occur for most of the diamagnetic oxides, since the oxides were expected to posses a finite amount of diamagnetic anisotropy according to a model proposed recently to explain the origin of anisotropy. The decease of temperature caused additional reduction on the field-intensity to achieve alignment, when finite amount of paramagnetic ion was contained in the particle. This was because the paramagnetic anisotropy increased which the reduction of temperature. The doping of paramagnetic ion on non-ferromagnetic materials in the course of processing a material expected to reduce the field intensity to achieve magnetic alignment at room temperature. The above findings, concerned with the reduction of field intensity to achieve magnetic alignment, may increase the possibility of practical applications of the phenomena of magnetic alignment.