2003 Volume 44 Issue 12 Pages 2711-2717
We investigate flame spraying of pure aluminum and pure zinc powders on various different substrates and study shrinkage properties and thermal analysis curves of sprayed coatings during the forming process. We also examined effects of the spray distance on the porosity, tensile strength and hardness of sprayed coatings, and obtained the following results. With an increase in spray distance, shrinkage of the sprayed coating and the maximum temperature in the thermal analysis curve decrease. When the cooling ability of the substrate is higher, the shrinkage ratio and the maximum temperature become decrease. The porosity and the hardness of a sprayed coating increase with an increase in spray distance. This occurs because with the increase in the spray distance, the temperature of the sprayed particles decreases, the amount of air taken in the spray increases and, as a result, the cooling rate of the coating increases. The tensile strength of a pure aluminum coating decreases with an increase in spray distance due to the introduction of pores. On the contrary, the tensile strength of a pure zinc coating increases with an increase in spray distance. This occurs because when the spray distance is short, coating temperature is high and, as a result, a large quantity of zinc oxide is formed.