2006 Volume 47 Issue 6 Pages 1449-1452
A reduction treatment using carbon powder for reducing TiO2 to fabricate non-stoichiometric titanium dioxide, TiO2−x, was proposed and performed. The carrier density and non-stoichiometric number were calculated by using thermogravimetry (TG) while heating and re-oxidizing TiO2−x in air. The thermoelectric properties of TiO2−x were measured and evaluated in air. The results show that TiO2−x can be simply and safely obtained by reducing insulating TiO2 through the proposed reduction treatment. The carrier density increases and non-stoichiometric number decrease with the temperature of the reduction treatment and have a good correspondence with the decrease in the electrical resistivity of TiO2−x. Significantly improved thermoelectric properties were observed as a consequence of the decreasing electrical resistivity of TiO2−x.