Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
ISSN-L : 1345-9678
The Effect of Hydroxy Ethyl Cellulose (HEC) and Chloride Ions on the Surface Morphology and Mechanical Characteristics during Copper Electrodeposition
Tae-Gyu WooIl-Song ParkHyun-Woo LeeCheul-Ro LeeKyeong-Won Seol
Author information

2007 Volume 48 Issue 7 Pages 1913-1918


The effect of additives on the surface morphology and mechanical characteristics during copper electrodeposition on the polyimide(PI) film was investigated. Two kinds of additives such as hydroxy ethyl cellulose (HEC) and chloride ions were used in this study. Electrodeposition was carried out with the constant current density of 200 mA/cm2 for 68 seconds. Electrochemical experiments, in conjunction with SEM, XRD, AFM and four-point probe, were performed to characterize the morphology and mechanical characteristics of copper electrodeposited in the presence of the additives. The minimum surface roughness of copper deposit was obtained when deposited with 10 ppm of chloride ions. The minimum value of surface roughness (rms value) was 97.05 nm. And the optimum amount of additives to improve the electromigration resistance and ductility of the deposit was a combination of 1 ppm HEC and 10 ppm chloride ions.

Information related to the author
© 2007 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
Previous article Next article