MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS
Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
ISSN-L : 1345-9678
Development of High Modulus Ti–Fe–Cu Alloys for Biomedical Applications
Ken ChoMitsuo NiinomiMasaaki NakaiJunko HiedaYuuki Kawasaki
Author information
JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

2013 Volume 54 Issue 4 Pages 574-581

Details
Abstract

Ti–Fe–Cu alloys with higher Young’s modulus, hardness and compressive mechanical properties than those of the existing Ti alloys were developed using a d-electrons alloy design method in order to improve Young’s modulus, hardness and compressive properties of Ti and existing Ti alloys for use as metallic stents. Their microstructures, Young’s modulus, hardness and compressive mechanical properties were investigated both before (as-cast) and after heat-treatments performed under a high-purity argon atmosphere at 1173 K for 21.6 and 86.4 ks.
The studied Ti–Fe–Cu alloys consist of the β-Ti phase and dendritic TiFe intermetallic phase. Moreover, the area fraction of the TiFe intermetallic phase increases with increasing atom ratio (Fe + Cu)/Ti of the alloys and with the heat-treatment time.
The Young’s modulus of the studied Ti–Fe–Cu alloys increases from 110 GPa (Ti78Fe18Cu4 alloy) to 145 GPa (Ti68Fe30Cu2 alloy) with increasing atom ratio (Fe + Cu)/Ti of the alloys and the area fraction of the TiFe intermetallic phase. However, the Young’s modulus is saturated or slightly decreased when the area fraction of the TiFe intermetallic phase is more than 34%. The Vickers hardness of the as-cast alloys increases from 490 HV (Ti78Fe18Cu4 alloy) to 550 HV (Ti63.4Fe30Cu6.6 alloy) with increasing atom ratio (Fe + Cu)/Ti of the alloys and area fraction of the TiFe intermetallic phase. On the other hand, the Vickers hardness of the heat-treated alloys is lower than that of the as-cast alloys, despite the increase in the area fraction of the TiFe intermetallic phase after the heat-treatment. The heat-treated alloys have better compressive properties than those of the as-cast alloys and the reported Ti–Fe–Cu alloys. The compressive strength and strain of the heat-treated Ti67Fe27Cu6 alloys reach to 2131 MPa and 24.5%, respectively.

Information related to the author
© 2013 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
Previous article Next article
feedback
Top