Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
Hydrogen Permeable Nb-Based Amorphous Alloys with High Thermal Stability
H. Y. DingW. ZhangS. I. YamauraK. F. Yao
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2013 Volume 54 Issue 8 Pages 1330-1334


In this work, the Nb-based Nb42Ni40Co18−xZrx (x = 0, 4, 12) and Nb42Ni32Co6Zr12M8 (M = Ta, Ti, Zr) amorphous alloy ribbons were successfully prepared by single roller melt-spinning technique. These amorphous alloys exhibit high thermal stability with the crystallization temperature (Tx) exceeding 850 K. It has been found that Tx of the Nb42Ni40Co18 alloy decreased with Zr addition, while hydrogen permeability increased linearly with Zr content. The hydrogen permeability of the Nb42Ni40Co18, Nb42Ni40Co14Zr4, Nb42Ni40Co6Zr12 and Nb42Ni32Co6Zr20 amorphous alloys at 673 K are 0.03 × 10−8, 0.23 × 10−8, 0.69 × 10−8 and 1.40 × 10−8 mol·m−1·s−1·Pa−1/2, respectively. It is noticed that hydrogen permeability of the Nb42Ni32Co6Zr20 alloy is comparable with that of Pd–23%Ag alloy (1.14 × 10−8). Meanwhile, permeability of the above mentioned alloy decreased to 60% of the initial value while it still maintains amorphous structure after 24 h long term durability test. Both thermal stability and hydrogen permeability are enhanced by substituting 8 at% Ni with Ta or Ti in the Nb42Ni40Co6Zr12 alloy. The present result indicates that the Nb-based amorphous alloys possess the potential of applying as a kind of hydrogen permeable membrane at high temperature.

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© 2013 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
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