MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS
Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
ISSN-L : 1345-9678
Effects of Copper Addition on the Passivity and Corrosion Behavior of 27Cr-7Ni Hyper Duplex Stainless Steels in Sulfuric Acid Solution
Soon-Hyeok JeonHye-Jin KimKyeong-Ho KongYong-Soo Park
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2015 Volume 56 Issue 1 Pages 78-84

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Abstract

The effect of the Cu addition on the passivation behavior of hyper duplex stainless steels in both the active and passive states was investigated using the electrochemical tests, a scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive spectroscope, a scanning Auger multi-probe analysis and an X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis in sulfuric acid solution. In the active region of −0.2 VSCE, the Cu addition to the base alloy has a positive effect on the general corrosion resistance due to the novel Cu enriched on the surface. In the passive region of 0.6 VSCE, the Cu addition to the base alloy degraded the stability of passive film due to an increase of the formation of Cr enriched inclusion such as (Cr, Mn, Al) oxides and (Cr, Mn, Al, Fe) oxides acting as the defect in the passive film, resulting in deteriorating general corrosion resistance.

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© 2014 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
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