MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS
Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
ISSN-L : 1345-9678
Internal Activation of Thermoplastic Polypropylene GFRTP Composite by Homogeneous Low Energy Electron Beam Irradiation (HLEBI) of the Interlayered Glass Fiber Chopped Strand Mats (GF-CSM) Prior to Assembly
Ryo NomuraMasae KandaMichael C. FaudreeItaru JimboYoshitake Nishi
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2016 Volume 57 Issue 3 Pages 417-422

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Abstract

A new process of internal activation of glass fiber reinforced thermoplastic polymer (GFRTP) of Polypropylene (PP) was achieved by homogeneous low energy electron beam irradiation (HLEBI) to the interlayered glass fiber chopped strand mats (GF-CSM) prior to assembly. Panels were fabricated by hot-press consisting of 5 HELBI-treated GF-CSMs between 6 untreated PP sheets. HLEBI improved the Charpy impact value (auc) of the internally activated GFRTP. HLEBI from 0.22 to 0.86 MGy mostly improved the auc at each accumulative probability of fracture (Pf). Based on the 3-parameter Weibull equation, the auc value was defined as the statistically lowest impact value, as estimated as the auc at Pf = zero. The highest as values at more than 87 kJ/m2 were found for GFRTP irradiated at 0.65 MGy which appears to be at or near the optimum HLEBI dose. Strengthening the adhesion force at the extremely broad surface area of the fibers increased interfacial friction force to prevent fiber pull out, fiber/matrix debonding and crack generation in the hard to adhere PP matrix GFRTP, resulting in increasing auc of GFRTP with glass fiber surface-activated by HLEBI.

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© 2016 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
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