Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
Basic Deformation Mechanism of Bcc Titanium-Based Alloy of Gum Metal
Yasushi KamimuraSatoru KatakuraKeiichi EdagawaShin TakeuchiShigeru KuramotoTadahiko Furuta
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2016 Volume 57 Issue 9 Pages 1526-1534


Single crystals and cold-swaged polycrystalline specimens of Gum Metal of Ti-36Nb-2Ta-3Zr-0.3O (mass %) have been compressed with the stress-relaxation test in the temperature range from 77 K to 450 K. In both single crystals and cold-swaged specimens, the yield stress decreases with increasing temperature rapidly to the room temperature and then gently above it forming a plateau at high temperature. The activation analysis of plastic deformation showed that the applied shear stress dependence of activation enthalpy and that of activation volume for single crystals and those for cold swaged specimens are almost identical if we shift the stress scale by about 120 MPa, meaning that the basic deformation mechanism is common to both samples. The above results are contradictory with the previously proposed non-dislocation deformation mechanism at the ideal shear strength, but consistent with the established features of usual bcc alloys, i.e., the deformation is governed by the Peierls mechanism at low temperature and by defect hardening at high temperature. τχχ and ψ − χ relations of single crystals showed a typical slip asymmetry seen in bcc metals, where slip in Gum Metal belongs to the {112} slip type as in binary Ti-Nb single crystals reported previously (S. Hanada et al.: Metall. Trans. A 16 (1985) 789). Yielding by massive {332}〈113〉 twin formation in single crystals at low temperatures was observed for the first time in Gum Metal.

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© 2016 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
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