Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
ISSN-L : 1345-9678
Pyrometallurgical Separation of Indium Phosphide through the Phosphorous Removal by Iron and the Chlorination Process Utilizing Ammonium Chloride
Osamu TerakadoTaishi MatsushitaHaruki TaniMasahiro Hirasawa
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JOURNALS FREE ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: M2018007


Pyrometallurgical chlorination process has been employed for the recovery of elements from indium phosphide, InP, one of the important III–V semiconductor materials. It was found that both indium and phosphorous were converted to volatile species, indium chloride and phosphine, PH3, by thermal treatment of InP powder in the presence of ammonium chloride. However, the recovery as volatile compounds reached ∼60% at reaction temperature of 800°C. Based on these results we have employed the thermal treatment of the mixture of InP and iron powders. Phosphorous could be successfully converted to non-toxic iron phosphide, Fe3P. The consequent chlorination reaction resulted in the indium recovery of ∼100% in volatile form. The influence of reaction conditions, such as reaction temperature and composition of ammonium chloride, was examined.

Fig. 7 Elemental recovery of the chlorination reaction of InP with and without iron pretreatment. The mass composition of the initial InP and ammonium chloride is in both cases [InP]:[NH4Cl] = 1:8, or 1:22 in molar ratio. Fullsize Image
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