1991 年 1991 巻 7 号 p. 29-53
The aim of this paper is to examine pro with respect to the absence of that-t effects in Old English (OE). We suggest that only nonargument pro exists in OE (except in its earliest stage (cf. Pintzuk&Kroch,1985)).
The that-t effects are superficially absent in syntactic long movement in OE as well as in Italian, Hebrew, etc. This fact can be accounted for in terms of movement from a VP-internal position, as proposed by Rizzi (1982), provided that we revise the pro module assumed there along the lines pursued in Rizzi(1986).
Casting this account in the recent framework of base-generating the external argument within V-projection, we may conclude that sentences in OE optionally have the specifier position of INFL.
Finally, we present some evidence that INFL precedes VP in OE, allowing for V2 in embedded Clauses with complementizers. This ties in nicely with our account of absence of the that-t effect in OE.