1998 年 1998 巻 14 号 p. 1-28
Imperatives, when they are used to give orders or make requests, differ significantly from other sentence types. In eighteenth-century fictional speech, the adjacent pair of command and response which occurs between master/mistress and servant as well as between servants creates particular speech-patterns. The subject used in imperatives has three functions: selective, contrastive and emotional. The marked form of the negative imperative is the ‘verb+not’ construction. When the auxiliary-do occurs in the affirmative imperative, it can have an emotional or attitudinal colouring. The third person imperative assumes didactic and authoritative tones among other things.