2000 年 2000 巻 16 号 p. 25-45
This paper presents an analysis of unaccusative and passive there-constructions in ME and early ModE under the framework of the minimalist program (Chomsky (1995)). In particular, my concern goes to the following two issues. The first one concerns the optionality of the overt subject raising in these constructions, and the second one is the decline of there-constructions with a raised subject. It will be specifically argued that the optional subject raising follows from the assumptions that (i) overt subject raising is equal to there-insertion in cost, and that (ii) there could be merged into [Spec, CP] for the V2effect. Furthermore, we answer the second question in terms of the transition of clause structures, the loss of the V2 structure.