メルロ=ポンティ研究
Online ISSN : 2188-725X
Print ISSN : 1884-5479
ISSN-L : 1884-5479
ヒマラヤの山道と歩く身体の人類学
ティム・インゴルドによるメルロ゠ポンティ理解を手掛かりに
古川 不可知
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ジャーナル 認証あり

2022 年 26 巻 p. 91-108

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The purpose of this paper is (1) to review Ingold’s argument with a focus on his reading of Merleau-Ponty, and (2) to discuss the bodily practices of the people who walk through the mountainous terrain in the Himalaya. Maurice Merleau-Ponty was one of the philosophers who understood anthropology quite profoundly, and his ideas were widely accepted in a series of studies categorized as phenomenological anthropology. Recently his influence is prominent in some of the anthropological works associated with the so-called “ontological turn” in anthropology. Above all, Tim Ingold, while being critical of the term “ontological turn”, has deeply relied on Merleau-Ponty’s thought and has promoted to deconstruct the nature-culture dualism. Ingold has regarded the primordial condition of the human being as an organism-person immersed in a flow of the medium. He, in particular, emphasizes the importance of sharing the rhythm of the walk to understand others in such an open world. In this paper, I depict the bodily practices of the Sherpas people who walk with tourists and livestock, and find their paths in the ever-changing environment of the Himalayas.

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