2008 年 56 巻 4 号 p. 177-186
Effective management of risks arising from microbial hazards in foods is technically complex. Recently, risk analysis, involving its component parts of risk assessment, risk management and risk communication, has been introduced as a new approach in evaluating and controlling microbial hazards along with the entire food chain to help protecting the health of consumers and ensure fair practices in food trade in the Codex Alimentarius Commission. Due to the recent advancement of quantitative microbiological risk assessment, it is possible to link the stringency of microbiological risk management (MRM) and the intended level of protection of public health. In addition, the introduction of emerging MRM metrics, namely Food Safety Objective (FSO), Performance Objective (PO), and Performance Criteria (PC) will enhance the risk based MRM activities. In this review, the history and current activities regarding microbiological risk management within CAC are reviewed and discussed.