Kawasaki disease (KD) is an inflammatory disease that was identified by Professor Tomisaku Kawasaki in 1961. Candida albicans-derived substances, such as C. albicans water-soluble fraction (CAWS) , induce coronary arteritis similar to KD in mice. CAWS functions as a pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) by acting as a ligand for dectin-2. A gut-associated immunological system has developed specifically to segregate advantageous and detrimental stimuli, and the microbial flora has been found to markedly affect the development and severity of diseases. We herein investigated whether diet affects the onset and progression of CAWS vasculitis in mice. A standard diet, CE-2, and chemically defined diet, AIN93G, which is free of β-glucan, were used. Although all mice administered with CAWS died, the mean number of survival days was smaller in the AIN93G group because vasculitis was induced earlier than in the CE-2 group. Bacteroides, which are inflammatory flora, were enriched in the microbial flora of the AIN93G group. The results of the present study suggest that diet quality affects not only microbial flora changes, but also the progression of systemic disease.
2017 The Japanese Society for Medical Mycology