1997 年 51 巻 p. 50-69,265
In the Post-Coldwar era, tremendous number of military conflicts broke out in the world. These conflicts cover various parts of a war spectrum from the highest intensity war at Persian Gulf to the lowest level of guerilla stacks which can be represented by the recent incident at Japanese ambassador's residence in Lima. As we have seen in the Gulf War, most governments and militaries made well organized effort to impose media control over these conflicts. Reflecting on the bitter experiences at the Vietnam War, they were able to win decisive victories on both fronts, military and media. The article encompasses on such mass-media controlled by governments and militaries versus communications lead by mass-media in the cases of Vietnam, Grenada, Panama, Gulf War, Chechenya and Terrolism.