The Annuals of Japanese Political Science Association
Online ISSN : 1884-3921
Print ISSN : 0549-4192
ISSN-L : 0549-4192
Cultural Diversity and Issues of Inclusion
Indigenous Peoples and French Minorities in Canada
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2007 Volume 58 Issue 2 Pages 2_49-2_65


  The purposes of this article are to look at theoretical issues relating to inclusion of cultural minorities, and to consider their implication to normative theory of liberal democracy. We will look at debates on inclusion of two national minorities in Canada; French Canadians and indigenous peoples. First we will follow the history of minority policies since the foundation of British Colonies in North America. Next, we will look at current debates and examine what are at stake there. In Kymlicka's famous formulation, both of these groups are to be defined as ‘national minorities’. Their primary need is supposed to be the preservation of ‘societal culture’, whose core is their native ‘language’. What is at stake is that these groups are to have means of protecting their ‘societal culture’ and communal institutions from violent destruction. Although this has been important consideration, it will be argued, it makes up only limited part of today's debates. Foci of today's debates also include issues such as: recognition of nationhood, redifinition of their status in Canadian history, economic marginalization and poverty, and creation of a new idea of citizenship. It will be suggested that liberal political theories should be reformulated so that the richness of today's debate could be accommodated.

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© 2007 Japanese Political Scienece Association
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