2005 年 56 巻 1 号 p. 273-293,354
In December 1997, the third session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC-COP3; COP3 hereafter) was held in Kyoto. Although most developed Party countries to COP3 had to accept some reduction targets for greenhouse gas emissions, Australia managed to obtain a target on an 8 percent increase above 1990 level. Undoubtedly this was a favorable outcome for both the Australian government and industry.
The central question then arises: Why did Australia succeed in gaining the favorable 8 percent increase target at COP3? To answer the question, this paper examines Australia's diplomatic strategies for COP3, based on the results of field interviews with key persons in Canberra and Sydney.
Australia's success at COP3 can be explained by its ability to establish a set of diplomatic strategies. This ability is based on two elements. These are whether Australia was able to elaborate a number of alternative strategies in its longterm foreign policy decision making, and whether Australia was able to resist external pressures in its short-term foreign policy decision making.