This report shows the benefit of spatial pattern of traffic accidents as teaching materials of school.
Students will be able to develop their thinking ability by mapping and analyzing several relationships
between the spatial patterns of traffic accidents and the geographic aspects of place. Traffic accidents
of pedestrians and bicycles occurring in the two cities of Izumiotsu and Suita of Osaka Prefecture are
shown as case studies.
Statistical indices of traffic accidents, land uses, populations, car density, main means of commuting of citizens, and road installations display a large difference between the two cities. The cities had both expanded their urban areas in the 20th century. Their topographies, initial land uses, and city planning had influence in geographic aspects of place in the cities such as land uses, road systems, coverage of sidewalks and traffic signs. These factors vary from place to place in and between the two cities and affect in the distributions of traffic accidents.
The above analyses serve the purposes and the contents in the curriculum standards of the social studies and the period of integrated studies. The data of traffic accidents and the environmental factors are available for viewing from some governmental websites and web-gis maps such as google-maps through the internet.