新地理
Online ISSN : 1884-7072
Print ISSN : 0559-8362
ISSN-L : 0559-8362
地域学習における移民の子どもたちの学習過程
-小学校3 年生在籍学級におけるブラジル人児童の事例-
金久保 響子
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ジャーナル 認証あり

2021 年 69 巻 3 号 p. 1-16

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    The purpose of this article is to analyze the gap between the learning process of immigrant children in local studies and the aim of the teacher, and from there to empirically indicate the direction of local studies for immigrant children. In this article, a survey was conducted on a small unit of a social studies class in the third grade of a Japanese public elementary school, “People Working in a Store”. The survey respondents of this article were two Brazilian children. From the observation of the class and the interview with the two Brazilian children, it was found that the children in the study followed a learning process that was different from the flow of the class. There were two reasons why they did not follow the flow of the class. First, the children did not feel a familiarity with the subject theme, the supermarket. Almost all of the classmates had been felt familiar with the supermarket, however, the two children did not. Although the children lived in the same area as the other Japanese children, they had different life experiences. For this reason, they may not have felt the familiarity of the theme and may not have studied it as the homeroom teacher had expected. Secondly, the homeroom teachers and the two children had different perspectives on the subject theme of the class. The homeroom teacher and the two children interpreted the words used as keywords with different meanings. As a result, they could not have the same perspective on the subject theme. As described above, even though immigrant children live in the same area as many Japanese children, they feel differently from their Japanese due to the differences in their life experiences caused by their cultural backgrounds. Therefore, teachers must understand the life experiences of immigrant children. And to devise ways to “connect” the theme of the class with the immigrant children themselves to conduct regional studies that take their cultural backgrounds into account.

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