1972 年 20 巻 2 号 p. 24-34
Kumano, 20 kirometer from Hiroshima City, is an agrarian village surrounded by mountains and dependent on small scale paddy fields. Village people had to work away from home for housekeeping out of seasen of farming in the late Edo era, before brush manufacturing was introduced in 1846.
In recent days the manufacturing is an important side job of the village farmers, especially women. They produce about 80% of the national amount. After the Meiji Restoration the manufacturing has been managed under the control of the wholesale merchants. The handicraft of painting brush is the principal occupation for some villagers, though they are a few. The production mainly still depends on farmers leisure season and much amount of product are sold for a new year or the begining of school semester.
Although the materials of manufacturing all are brought from other districts, the handicraft develops and demand and supply of products keep balance.