2017 年 54 巻 3 号 p. 183-192
In music printing, some steps of engraving, such as layout, marking, etc., were believed to have succeeded from initial lithography processes. Music printing by engraving in the beginning of the 19th century was studied to clarify the backdrop technique of lithography, by using a music score from the Ludwig van Beethoven's piano sonata no. 21 opus 53, which was printed by the Bureau des arts et d'industri in Vienna in 1805. By analyzing the score, some engraving techniques in music printing could be clearly understood, i.e., punch patterns of music note, order of patterning, rough positioning of notes, re-cutting of lines, corrections of note, etc. Ledger lines were undetectable in the plate-making technique.