2007 Volume 14 Issue 24 Pages 107-122
It is envisaged that the Japanese policy for underground cultural properties: "Recording as Preservation"has resulted in a vast amount of archaeological data created by numerous rescue excavations. In the meanwhile, the use of ICT has been dramatically increased in archaeology during the last decades. For example, archaeological data were recorded digitally, manipulated in databases, input in GIS software, and published electronically. It is obvious that the data created by salvage excavations are increasingly available in digital format. However, there has been very limited literature regarding the current state of archaeological information in Japan.
This paper illustrates the results of the Digital Data Survey for Japanese Archaeology (JAD2) Part II conducted in 2006. It encompasses the questionnaires for individual field archaeologists working for the Archaeological Research Centre (Maizo Bunkazai Centre). The survey uncovered the use of ICT in rescue archaeology and the user needs of field archaeologists. Although the result included detailed information, the response rate was disappointing. It is now necessary to undertake comparative studies of similar surveys in related cultural subjects undertaken both in and outside Japan.
As a result of this project, a new project has been launched. A group called "ACT Archaeology" is attempting to submit a recommendation for are-run of the survey to some big archaeological organizations. The submission of a petition signed by those who are interested in the plan is underway. The group aims at proactive archaeology by making aprogressive action in order to improve present archaeology.