1994 Volume 91 Issue 12 Pages 2166-2173
Amburatory 24-hour pH monitoring was conducted in 11 patients with H2-blocker resistant reflux esophagitis to compare the effects of standard doses of H2-blocker (famotidine 20mg twice daily) and proton pump inhibitor (omeprazole 20mg once daily) on the inhibition of intraesophageal acidity.
Mean intraesophageal pH during PPI treatment was significantly higher than that during H2-blocker treatment. Proportion of abnormal intra-esophageal acidity in 24hr (%time pH<4) during PPI treatment was significantly less than that during H2-blocker treatment (11.7±3.1% vs 31.6±4.8%). The difference of the effect was more apparant in day time (upright time) than in night time (supine time). Thus PPI is superior to H2-blocker in treatment for refractory reflux esophagitis, but proportion of abnormal intra-esophageal acidity in 24hr (%time pH<4) could be normarized only in 4 out of 11 patients even by standard dose PPI treatment. Effects of not only long-term maintenance therapy but also high dose therapy with PPI should be examined in future studies.