Neurologia medico-chirurgica
Case Reports
Cavernous Sinus Hemangioma Treated with Gamma Knife Radiosurgery: Usefulness of SPECT for Diagnosis
—Case Report—
Yoshinobu SEOSeiji FUKUOKATakehiko SASAKIMasami TAKANASHIAtsuhumi HOJOHirohiko NAKAMURA
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Volume 40 (2000) Issue 11 Pages 575-580

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A 79-year-old female presented with cavernous sinus hemangioma manifesting as double vision due to right oculomotor and trochlear nerve pareses. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed bony erosion and a right cavernous sinus tumor with “tail sign” after contrast medium administration. Thallium-201 (201Tl) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) showed low uptake within the tumor, and technetium-99m-human serum albumin-diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid SPECT disclosed high uptake within the tumor. 201Tl SPECT usually shows very high uptake in meningiomas and malignant tumors, so the tumor was considered to be an unrelated benign tumor. The patient underwent partial resection of the tumor. Histological examination of the specimen confirmed cavernous hemangioma. The oculomotor nerve paresis partially improved. Gamma knife radiosurgery was carried out 4 months after the operation. The tumor markedly shrank with full recovery of extraocular movement 6 months after radiosurgery. SPECT is useful for distinguishing cavernous sinus hemangiomas from other cavernous tumors. Radiosurgery should be performed after partial resection or biopsy for cavernous sinus hemangiomas and may be the initial treatment for patients with small cavernous sinus hemangioma if the diagnosis can be established based on neuroimaging.

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