2019 Volume 59 Issue 8 Pages 305-312
Japan has a rapidly aging population and the application of neuroendovascular therapy (NET) for cerebrovascular diseases among elderly patients has increased, but feasibility and safety of NET for elderly patients are still debated. Therefore, this study aimed to elucidate feasibility and safety of NET by analyzing the Japanese nationwide database, the Japanese Registry of Neuroendovascular Therapy 3 (JR-NET 3). In total, 35,972 patients in the JR-NET 3 were analyzed retrospectively. “Elderly patients” were defined as those aged ≥75 years. Approximately one-quarter of patients who received NET were elderly patients. The proportion of patients with modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0–2 before treatment and 30 days after NET was significantly low across all diseases in the elderly patients. Technical success rates were generally high across all procedures, but complication rate was significantly higher among elderly patients; ischemic complications were significantly higher with NET for unruptured aneurysms (UA) and carotid artery stenosis (CAS). Multivariate analysis revealed that mRS 0–2 before treatment [odds ratio (OR): 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.34–0.94, P = 0.03], middle cerebral artery aneurysm (OR: 0.33, 95% CI: 0.12–0.92, P = 0.04), and complete obliteration (OR: 0.66, 95% CI: 0.44–0.97, P = 0.03) were associated with ischemic complications with NET for UA. Moreover, mRS 0–2 before treatment (OR: 0.55, 95% CI: 0.36–0.86, P < 0.01), high intensity with time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (OR: 1.55, 95% CI: 1.03–2.32, P = 0.04), open-cell stent (OR: 2.20, 95% CI: 1.50–3.22, P <0.01) were associated with ischemic complications with NET for CAS. Taken together, our findings indicate that cautious and precise selection of patients suitable for NET is necessary.