2020 Volume 18 Pages 19-35
In the past, I once evaluated a social project carried out by the Osaka Police after the Russo-Japanese War as “uniform, bureaucratic and compulsory”. This paper examines Takeda Shinjiro's practice by taking up two reformatories operated by Takeda, who mainly took charge of the police social work, to reexamine the police social work. Takeda was a person who was able to take into account the human rights of boys, such as incorporating the opinions of “bad boys” as part of the facility management. Takeda's practice can be evaluated as having a personality that does not fit within the framework of police social work,which is based on “uniform, bureaucratic, and compulsory” control. Takeda Juku, which is thought to have reflected Takeda's intentions through its management,has implemented various neighborhood insurance projects for local residents. After the 1918 Rice riot, the police reconsidered the way they had been forced to do social work. The police then carried out a variety of neighborhood insurance projects such as childcare services. The neighboring insurance business at Takeda Juku had something in common with the police movement after the Rice riot. In other words, Takeda practice at Takeda Juku is also positioned in the historical context of making the police social work a neighbor business after the Rice riot.