The Japanese Journal of Personality
Online ISSN : 1349-6174
Print ISSN : 1348-8406
ISSN-L : 1348-8406
Exploratory Reports
Nurse burn-out and five-factor personality traits
Hiroto FukushimaKoichi NakaHiroshi IshizuTakao YokotaMinoru Takakura
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2004 Volume 12 Issue 2 Pages 106-115


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between burnout of nurses and their five-factor personality traits. Questionnaires were distributed to nurses at seven general hospitals. Of those 1449 completed Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). Results were as follows: Pearson coefficients indicated that Emotional Exhaustion (EE) mainly correlated with Neuroticism (N) and Consciousness (C). Depersonalization (DP) correlated with Agreeableness (A), Neuroticism (N), Extra-version (E) and Consciousness (C). Personal Accomplishment (PA) mainly correlated with Extraversion (E), Consciousness (C) and Openness (O). Furthermore, hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that whereas demographic characteristics (sex, age, having a hobby or not, and having a person to consult with or not) accounted for only 4 to 8% of the variance in burnout scores, personality traits accounted for about 20%.

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© 2004 by Japan Society of Personality Psychology
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