The Japanese Journal of Personality
Online ISSN : 1349-6174
Print ISSN : 1348-8406
ISSN-L : 1348-8406
Short Report
The Effect of Self-Focus on Mental Growth from Failure: Role of Self-Esteem and Contingencies of Self-Worth
Tomomi NiinobeHiroyuki Konno
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2014 Volume 23 Issue 1 Pages 57-59

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Abstract

This study investigated the effect of rumination and reflection on self-esteem, contingencies of self-worth, and mental growth from failure. A questionnaire measuring rumination, reflection, self-esteem, contingencies of self-worth, and growth from failure was completed by 203 university students. Results of covariance structure analysis showed the following. Reflection enhanced mental growth from failure, mediated by a higher level of self-esteem. Rumination reduced mental growth from failure, mediated by a lower level of self-esteem. Rumination enhanced mental growth from failure, mediated by a higher level of contingencies of self-worth.

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© 2014 by Japan Society of Personality Psychology
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