2019 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 7-15
Since the late 1990s, Japanese psychiatrists have reported new types of depressive syndromes (NTD), which have different features from the traditional form of depression, that is, melancholic depression. Previous studies have reported that the Interpersonal Sensitivity/Privileged Self are personality traits related to NTD, and the Interpersonal Sensitivity/Privileged Self Scale was developed to measure them. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the Interpersonal Sensitivity/Privileged Self generates interpersonal stress, thereby contributing to the development of depressive symptoms. This study employed a longitudinal method, with a sample of 116 undergraduates as participants. The results of the path analyses supported the hypothesis, which suggests that Interpersonal Sensitivity/Privileged Self influences depression, via interpersonal stress. These findings indicate that NTD can be explained by the stress generation model.