The Japanese Journal of Personality
Online ISSN : 1349-6174
Print ISSN : 1348-8406
ISSN-L : 1348-8406
Articles
Development of the Focusing on Strengths Scale for Children and Examination of its Reliability and Validity
Nozomi AbeKohei KishidaShin-ichi Ishikawa
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2019 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 42-53

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Abstract

The present study aimed to develop the Focusing on Strengths Scale for Children and to examine its reliability and validity. Participants comprised 487 children and adolescents from elementary and junior high schools. In line with the findings of a previous study, results of a confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the scale comprised 2 factors, self-strengths (7 items) and other-strengths (8 items). In addition, the scale had acceptable reliability (internal consistency and retest reliability) and partial validity (structural and external validity). Adolescents reported lower scores on self-strengths than did children. Boys’ scores on other-strengths were lower than those of girls. Finally, the limitations of the present study and directions for future research were discussed.

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© 2019 Japan Society of Personality Psychology
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