2019 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 54-66
The purposes of this study were: developing the Heteronomous Self-Esteem Scale in Domain-Specific Competences for Children (HSES-DSC-C), and examining its reliability and validity. Participants were 507 children (245 boys and 262 girls) in 4th to 6th grades, and their 18 homeroom teachers. The HSES-DSC-C was administered to the children twice, 5 to 6 weeks apart. In study 1, the reliability of the scale was examined, showing high Cronbach’s alphas (α=.90–.94) and test-retest reliability (ICC=.72–.82). In study 2, the homeroom teachers nominated children who had high or low characteristics of heteronomous self-esteem in each domain. Results revealed that children nominated for having high heteronomous self-esteem had significantly higher scale scores than those who were nominated as having low heteronomous self-esteem in each domain. Additionally, positive correlations between a scale assessing overall heteronomous self-esteem and the HSES-DSC-C were found. Through these studies, the current article developed the HSES-DSC-C with high reliability and validity.