2006 Volume 1 Pages 041
This paper presents experimental studies of nonlinear processes between meso-scale structures and turbulent fluctuations, by use of bispectral analysis, in the edge region of toroidal plasmas. In ohmically heated plasmas of the JFT-2M tokamak, the drift wave-zonal flow system is investigated by observation of the potential fluctuations. The total bicoherence is composed of two components, i.e., the peak at the geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) frequency and broadband distribution. The biphase is also obtained, which indicates the phase angle of coherent interaction between GAM oscillations and broadband fluctuations. Bispectral functions (e.g., magnitude and phase) give an order-of-estimate agreement for the drift wave-zonal flow systems. Bicoherence analysis is also applied to the edge plasmas of the high-confinement mode (H-mode) of the Compact Helical System (CHS). In the case of CHS plasmas, nonlinear couplings in a system composed of coherent global magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) oscillations and broadband fluctuations (up to hundreds kHz range) have been observed. Bispectral analysis enhances our understanding of the self-regulation systems of various toroidal plasmas in which strong turbulence and meso-scale structures coexist.