2013 Volume 8 Pages 2402081
Development of high power gyrotrons and electron cyclotron heating (ECH) systems for the power modulation experiments in GAMMA 10 have been started in order to generate and control the high heat flux and to make the ELM (edge localized mode) like intermittent heat load pattern for divertor simulation studies. ECH for potential formation at the plug region (P-ECH) produces the electron flow with high energy along the magnetic filed line. From the power scaling of confining potential and electron flux in GAMMA 10, the higher ECH power generates the higher confinement potential and the higher electron flux. The peak heat-flux of more than 10 MW/m2 has been obtained during the ECH injection within the available power of ECH. This value almost corresponds to the steady-state heat load of the divertor plate of ITER. However, we need substantial upgrade of the heating power to approach the ITER level ELM energy density. For this purpose, MW power gyrotrons at 28 GHz have been started and the development is undergoing efficiently in the ECH system upgrade program with the collaboration of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA).