Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B
Online ISSN : 1349-2896
Print ISSN : 0386-2208
ISSN-L : 0386-2208
Reviews
Studies on single-molecule bridging metal electrodes: development of new characterization technique and functionalities
Manabu KIGUCHI
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2018 Volume 94 Issue 9 Pages 350-359

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Abstract

A single molecular junction is a nanoscale structure prepared by bridging a single molecule between macroscopic metal electrodes. It has attracted significant attention due to its unique structure and potential applications in ultra-small single molecular electronic devices. It has two metal-molecule interfaces, and thus the electronic structure of the molecule can be significantly modulated from its original one. The single molecular junction can be regarded as a new material that includes metal electrodes, a so-called “double interface material”. Therefore, we can expect unconventional physical and chemical properties. To develop a better understanding of the properties and functionalities of single molecular junctions, their atomic and electronic structures should be characterized. In this review, we describe the development of these characterization techniques, such as inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, as well as shot noise and thermopower measurements. We have also described some unique properties and functionalities of single molecular junctions, such as switching and diode properties.

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© 2018 The Japan Academy
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