2019 年 36 巻 4 号 p. 269-273
Anther culture is a fast tool to obtain double haploid plant lines for breeding purposes. In rice, this procedure is commonly performed in two steps: i) induction of calli from anthers and ii) regeneration of plantlets from calli. It has been stated that genotype highly influences the anther culture efficiency, so the media used in each step should be optimized for each variety. In this study, we tested different media modifications of an efficient protocol optimized for a medium sized grain temperate japonica NRVC980385, used as a control, in a long grain temperate japonica rice variety (NRVC20120346), and two long grain tropical japonica varieties (303012 and 303013).
We found that the addition of 150 mg l−1 colchicine to the induction medium worked best for all genotypes except for NRVC20120346, whose best induction was obtained with the colchicine-free medium. Referring to regeneration, increased gelling agent in the medium provided the best rates in NRVC980385, improving our former NRVC980385-optimized anther culture protocol. Sorbitol fortified regeneration medium worked the best in the case of the long grain varieties. The presence of colchicine in the induction medium was also related to a higher obtention of double haploid plantlets. This study highlights that genotype is a key factor in the performance of rice anther culture. It has set a first anther culture study on long grain japonica varieties and optimizes the anther culture protocol for temperate japonica medium grain NRVC980385 with the use of colchicine and other additives that increase osmotic stress.