2020 年 37 巻 2 号 p. 157-161
Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) is a major cool-season perennial grass grown for forage and turf. We have obtained transgenic tall fescue by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation to improve agronomically important traits. In our protocol, we use embryogenic calli derived from not only mature seeds but also shoot tips. Although tall fescue cultivars consist of various genotypes with different genetic variation, we can produce transgenic plants at any time with calli induced from shoot tips of in vitro-maintained responsive genotypes. When the hygromycin phosphotransferase gene is used as a selectable marker, transformants are selected by incubation with 100 mg l−1 hygromycin in both selection and regeneration media. Since tall fescue is an anemophilous species, the cultivation of transgenic plants poses the risk of transgenic pollen flow. Recently, it has been reported that genome-edited plants without the integration of foreign DNA fragments can be produced by an Agrobacterium-mediated transient gene expression system. We hope that our protocol will contribute to production of transgene-free genome-edited tall fescue.