Plant Biotechnology
Online ISSN : 1347-6114
Print ISSN : 1342-4580
ISSN-L : 1342-4580
Inactivation of plant and animal viruses by proanthocyanidins from Alpinia zerumbet extract
Mari NarusakaTadashi Hatanaka Yoshihiro Narusaka
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2021 Volume 38 Issue 4 Pages 453-455


Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L. Burtt and R.M. Smith belongs to the Alpinia genus in the Zingiberaceae family. In East Asia, Alpinia zerumbet has been widely used as food and traditional medicine. Previously, we identified proanthocyanidins (PACs), an anti-plant-virus molecule in A. zerumbet, using Nicotiana benthamiana and tomato mosaic virus (ToMV). Here, we found that PACs from A. zerumbet, apple, and green tea effectively inhibited ToMV infection. Additionally, the PACs from A. zerumbet exhibited greater antiviral activity than those from apple and green tea. The PACs from A. zerumbet also effectively inactivated influenza A virus and porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), which acts as a surrogate for human coronaviruses, in a dose-dependent manner. The results from the cytopathic effect assays indicated that 0.1 mg/ml PACs from A. zerumbet decreased the titer of influenza A virus and PEDV by >3 log. These findings suggested that the direct treatment of viruses with PACs from A. zerumbet before inoculation reduced viral activity; thus, PACs might inhibit infections by an influenza virus, coronaviruses, and plant viruses.

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© 2021 Japanese Society for Plant Biotechnology
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