Plant Biotechnology
Online ISSN : 1347-6114
Print ISSN : 1342-4580
ISSN-L : 1342-4580
Overexpression of the endoplasmic reticulum stress-inducible gene TIN1 causes abnormal pollen surface morphology in Arabidopsis
Yuji IwataTsuneyo NishinoNozomu Koizumi
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JOURNALS FREE ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 17.0823b

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Abstract

The unfolded protein response (UPR) or the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response occurs when folding and maturation of secretory and membrane proteins are impaired in the ER. The UPR induces a number of genes that encode ER-localized molecular chaperones and folding enzymes to increase folding capacity in the ER. We have identified Tunicamycin Induced 1 (TIN1), an Arabidopsis gene that is highly induced during the UPR. We have shown that TIN1 protein is localized in the ER but its physiological function remains to be elucidated. In the present study we generated and analyzed transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing TIN1 under CaMV35S promoter to obtain insights into the physiological role of TIN1. We found that although TIN1-overexpressing plants grew as did wild-type plants under ambient laboratory conditions, their pollen grains exhibited abnormal surface morphology. The result suggests a specific role of TIN1 in secretion of proteins and/or lipids during pollen development.

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© 2017 by Japanese Society for Plant Biotechnology
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