Plant Biotechnology
Online ISSN : 1347-6114
Print ISSN : 1342-4580
ISSN-L : 1342-4580
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Trans-species small RNAs move long distances in a parasitic plant complex
Bera SubhankarKatsushi YamaguchiShuji ShigenobuKoh Aoki
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ジャーナル フリー 早期公開
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論文ID: 21.0121a

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Parasitic plants exchange various types of RNAs with their host plants, including mRNA, and small non-coding RNA. Among small non-coding RNAs, miRNA production is known to be induced at the haustorial interface. The induced miRNAs transfer to the host plant and activate secondary siRNA production to silence target genes in the host. In addition to interfacial transfer, long-distance movement of the small RNAs has also been known to mediate signaling and regulate biological processes. In this study, we tested the long-distance movement of trans-species small RNAs in a parasitic-plant complex. Small RNA-Seq was performed using a complex of a stem parasitic plant, Cuscuta campestris, and a host, Arabidopsis thaliana. In the host plant’s parasitized stem, genes involved in the production of secondary siRNA, AtSGS3 and AtRDR6, were upregulated, and 22-nt small RNA was enriched concomitantly, suggesting the activation of secondary siRNA production. Stem-loop RT-PCR and subsequent sequencing experimentally confirmed the mobility of the small RNAs. Trans-species mobile small RNAs were detected in the parasitic interface and also in distant organs. To clarify the mode of long-distance translocation, we examined whether C. campestris-derived small RNA moves long distances in A. thaliana sgs3 and rdr6 mutants or not. Mobility of C. campestris-derived small RNA in sgs3 and rdr6 mutants suggested the occurrence of direct long-distance transport without secondary siRNA production in the recipient plant.

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© 2021 Japanese Society for Plant Biotechnology
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