基礎心理学研究
Online ISSN : 2188-7977
Print ISSN : 0287-7651
解説
不安障害に対するエクスポージャー法と系統的脱感作法―基礎研究と臨床実践の交流再開に向けて―
遠座 奈々子中島 定彦
著者情報
キーワード: anxiety, fear, exposure, extinction, relapse
ジャーナル フリー

2018 年 36 巻 2 号 p. 243-252

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抄録

Exposure is a well-known efficient therapeutic technique for anxiety disorders or irrational fear. The present article reviews the behavioral mechanisms of fear reduction in exposure-based therapies including simple exposure and systematic desensitization. The traditional and current theories of associative learning of Pavlovian conditioning, extinction, and response reemergence are applicable to acquisition, treatment, and relapse of fear. Despite recent transactions between basic animal research and human clinical studies on simple exposure therapy, little attention is paid to the counterconditioning process in systematic desensitization. By focusing on theoretical and experimental studies with animals and their implications for clinical settings, we propose further collaboration between basic and clinical studies.

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© 2018 日本基礎心理学会
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