2007 Volume 35 Issue 5 Pages 245-249
Ultra-fine particles of titanium dioxide (TiO2) and Zinc oxides (ZnO) are very attractive as UV-protecting ingredients in cosmetic products. The UV-scattering behavior of single TiO2 suspensions and complex ones in a silicone oil is studied in relation to rheological properties. To control the dispersion stability of suspensions, three polyoxyethylene(POE)-modified silicones of branch-type, (AB)n-type, and ABA-type are used as dispersants. Irrespective of molecular structure, the dispersants can stabilize the TiO2 and ZnO particles and the flow of both single suspensions is Newtonian with low viscosity. However, the Newtonian flow profiles and high dispersion states are maintained only for complex suspensions prepared with ABA-type dispersant. Since the POE groups which are incorporated between terminal silicones groups attach to the particle surfaces, the steric stabilization is responsible for low viscosity and high dispersions. Because the UV scattering of suspensions is determined by the sizes of flocculated structures, the high transmittance in the visible ranges and low transmittance in the UVA and UVB ranges can be achieved in the presence of ABA-type dispersant.