2007 年 81 巻 p. 13-29
The categories of domestic and diplomatic policies have been kept apart in extensive studies on the history of the Russian Empire in general. Internal policies toward the local regions, actually, were affected by foreign affairs in many cases. This paper attempts to prove that the analysis of diplomatic factors is helpful when studying the local rules of the Russian Empire by examinating two topics : Crimea' s Christianization and the Iviron monastery question. In concluding, 1) "The Athos Factor" promoted the Christianization of Crimea. Various internal and external factors (the predominance of Crimean Tatars in the region, Athos's religious authority and national conflict between Greek and Russian monks etc.) drove the local Archbishop and people to plan and accomplish the "Russian Athos" project in Crimea. 2) The friction between Greek and Georgian monks for possession of the Iviron monastery in Athos endangered not only Russian diplomacy to Holy places abroad, but also the rule over Georgia within the empire. Troubles in Holy Lands were capable of threatening domestic and foreign policy of the Russian Empire, which was engaged in an Orthodox policy toward "Eastern Christianity" and held extensive lands of foreign monasteries in it's territory.