2011 Volume 51 Issue 5 Pages 813-822
The application of a strain-rate-dependent model, for example, an isotache model, is very useful and highly effective for predicting the settlement due to consolidation, including secondary consolidation. In the isotache model, compression curves are not only determined by pressure, but also by strain rate. The validity of this model has been experimentally confirmed by many researchers using different types of oedometer tests, such as constant rate of strain (CRS) tests, incremental loading (IL) tests, etc. However, considerable scatter has been observed in the test results, which show the effects of the strain rate, and questions arise as to whether such scatter is caused by the heterogeneity of the soil samples or by the incompletion of the model. To avoid the heterogeneity of the tested samples, special CRS tests, in which the strain rate is not kept constant but is varied during the tests, were carried out on intact and reconstituted Osaka clay samples. The effects of the strain rate on the compressive behavior of these clays were carefully evaluated in terms of visco-plastic strain, assuming that the total strain consists of visco-plastic strain and elastic strain. It was confirmed that the stress and the visco-plastic strain relation of clay samples strongly depends on the visco-plastic strain rate. However, the effects of the strain rate, under a given constant visco-plastic strain rate, do not become constant when the visco-plastic strain rate becomes very small. The reason is assumed to be due to the development of structures under a constant small visco-plastic strain rate. The development of structures may restrict the applicability of the isotache model to the compressive behavior of clay.