2003 年 68 巻 5 号 p. 523-544
Both Japanese and Russian studies of Koreans in Karafuto have focussed on those who were left behind after World War II. For this reason, Japanese scholars have not thought of possible connections with Koreans resident in Japan. This paper is a reconsideration of the inter-war history of Karafuto's Korean community which focusses on the fact that Karafuto provided a passage between mainland Asia and Hokkaido. It shows that Koreans in Japan were connected to Koreans in the maritime provinces of Siberia via those in Karafuto. Because the original reason for the increase in the Korean population of Karafuto was recruitment by the Mitsui Mining Co. [the Kawakami Mining Station] in the 1910s, at first it was concentrated in the south. The 1920s saw an influx of refugees from the maritime provinces of Siberia who had escaped via northern Sakhalin from the eastern advance of the Russian Revolution. This coincided with an increase in the demand for workers caused by the boom in pulp factory construction in Estoru, Shiritoru and other parts of northern Karafuto. As a result, the Korean population of Karafuto increased by about 250 times in the period 1910〜1930.