2003 年 1 巻 2 号 p. 2_41-2_50
This paper is inspired by the works of Alain Touraine in '90. The Sociology in the period of Globalization is confronted with the many critical tasks. The most important problem is the End of Homo Sociologicus that was sociological norm on thinking out the Society and its relation to the Individual. The idea of Homo Sociologicus, at its most extreme, led many to assert that the individual comes to maturity and produces his or her own individuation only through the process of socialization, and insofar as he or she becomes a social being. But the globalization destroyed its foundation. Touraine describes the globalization which is consisted of the de-institutionalization and the desocialization, that is, the disappearance of the social roles, norms and values that were once used to construct the life-world, as the demodernization. Consequently, we must investigate the raison d'être of sociology.