2013 年 11 巻 2 号 p. 107-115
The aim of this study was to investigate the feature of behavior and cognitive development such as verbal and drawing for the children with special needs. Sixteen children with special needs (special needs group) and fourteen children with no special needs (control group), 5 to 6 years old, were asked to take the two following tests; (1) the Picture Vocabulary Test- Revised (PVT-R) and the verbal task of brief version based upon the Tanaka-Binet intelligence test; (2) the human figure drawing task developed by Goodenough (1926). Also, we asked the nursery stuff to check each item in the Strength and Difference Questionnaire (SDQ) developed in order to measure the behavioral pattern of children. The results showed that (1) the performance of PVT-R in the special needs group was worse than that in the control group; (2) the task performance of the Understanding of Attribution in the special needs group was worse than that in the control group, whereas the other task was not differed; (3) the performance of human figure drawing task in special needs group did not differ from that in the control group and (4) the behavior pattern of special need group was similar to that of another group got the diagnosis of developmental disorder, such as Mental Retardation, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Pervasive Developmental Disorder (Autism Spectrum Disorder). These results suggest that the children with special needs would have the behavioral trait of developmental disorder and the unevenness and atypical feature of their verbal development.